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Vertigo is a sensation of feeling disoriented, out of balance, & a sense of spinning. A common characteristic of Vertigo is the feeling that your surroundings are moving or spinning, even when they are perfectly still.

Vertigo causes:

The most evident vertigo causes are inner ear issues. Some of the most common Vertigo causes include:

  • BPPV:

BPPV, also known as Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo, occurs when tiny calcium crystals in the ear (known as canaliths) get displaced from their original location into the semicircular canal. These crystals then cause problems with the body’s natural balance system as they are motion-sensitive, leading to the brain receiving conflicting signals about the body’s position. BPPV often does not have any specific reason, although certain head injuries, head trauma, ear infections, & any misguided ear surgeries can be the reason.

  • Meniere’s Disease:

Meniere’s Disease is an inner ear disorder caused by a build-up of excess fluid inside the ears, leading to problems with maintaining the body’s balance. Meniere’s Disease patients also feel a ringing sound in the ears, & experience partial or complete hearing loss in either one or both ears.

  • Vestibular Neuritis or labyrinthitis:

Vestibular Neuritis is an inner ear problem caused by a viral or bacterial infection, although it is usually a viral infection. It causes inflammation in the inner ear nerves that are responsible for carrying balance-related information from the ear to the brain, also called vestibular nerves.

Aside from these common vertigo causes, your vertigo symptoms may also be caused by:

  • Ahead of neck injury,
  • Issues with the brain such as a stroke or a tumor,
  • Side effects of medications that cause dizziness & vertigo
  • Migraine headaches

Vertigo symptoms:

In most cases, Vertigo is usually triggered by a change in the head’s position, & any sudden head movements.

Some of the most common Vertigo symptoms are:

  • Spinning
  • Swaying to one side
  • Tilting in one direction
  • Feeling unbalanced & disoriented
  • Pulled in one direction

Some other less common Vertigo symptoms include:

  • Feelings of nausea,
  • Vomiting
  • Abnormal or jerking eye movements, also called nystagmus
  • Headache
  • Excessive sweating
  • Ringing in the ears or partial hearing loss

Vertigo symptoms may come & go, & last from a couple of minutes to a couple of hours.

Vertigo treatment

Vertigo treatment, & dizziness treatment for accompanying feelings of dizziness, usually depend on the exact condition causing the vertigo symptoms. Most patients find that their vertigo often goes away on its own in some time. However, when it doesn’t, it’s usually because of some underlying condition that requires to be treated first.

Vertigo treatment, then, may include:

  • Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy:

Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy is a form of vertigo treatment therapy designed to help your brain figure out new, alternative ways to deal with the natural loss of balance. It involves some vertigo exercises that help the body acquaint itself with the loss in the natural vestibular system through certain movements. This is especially useful for patients with recurrent vertigo with moderate to severe symptoms.

  • Canalith Repositioning Maneuvers:

Canalith repositioning maneuvers are vertigo exercises designed to help with vertigo & dizziness treatment. They help by displacing the displaced calcium crystals in the semicircular canal & placing them back in their original position in the ear. These vertigo exercises usually give rise to vertigo symptoms & bouts in the short term, so you should take care not to get involved in activities that require you to concentrate & focus for some time after the vertigo exercises. These Vertigo exercises can be done either by yourself at home, or under the supervision of a vertigo specialist.

  • Vertigo medicines:

In most cases, when canalith repositioning maneuvers and other vertigo exercises don’t seem to have a positive effect on the patient, doctors prescribe vertigo medicines to the patient. These vertigo medicines are also sometimes prescribed as medicines for dizziness, & to help with symptoms like motion sickness, nausea, vomiting, & headaches. If your vertigo symptoms are due to an underlying illness like Meniere’s Disease, Vestibular Neuritis, labyrinthitis, etc., your doctor will give you medicines to that effect as well.

For Meniere’s Disease, diuretic pills, also known as water pills, may be included as part of your Vertigo treatment regimen. These vertigo medicines help reduce the amount of water inside the ears to help with the vertigo symptoms & tinnitus(ringing sound in the ears + hearing loss). In cases where your vertigo symptoms are caused by an ear infection, antibiotics, antivirals, or steroids can also be given to help with the inflammation & to provide quick relief.

Other well-known vertigo medicines & medicines for dizziness include:

  • Meclizine
  • Antivert
  • Bonine
  • Phenergan
  • Promethazine
  • Dramamine II
  • Promethegan
  • Antinaus 50
  • Phenadoz
  • Travel-Ease

You should take care only to take these vertigo medicines as recommended by your doctor, & not randomly on your own. Also, if you’re taking any other medicines for any other condition, you should notify your doctor about those as well to avoid any unpleasant reaction. In the event you’re switching between any two vertigo medicines, you should always consult your doctor first, & take a necessary break between the two medications. This is done to ensure that the effects of one vertigo medicine wear off before starting the new medicine for dizziness & vertigo treatment.

In case you have any other conditions & are pregnant, lactating, or have recently recovered from any illnesses, you should always let your doctor know. When diagnosed accurately by experts, vertigo is often easy to cure. Although in some cases, vertigo symptoms take longer to subside, & in some others, vertigo can be a chronic illness as well.

 

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